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Thread: Illusion of matter - Are atoms apparent?

  1. #1 Illusion of matter - Are atoms apparent? 
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    Almost everyone knows, that entire physical matter is made of tiny particles, which are made of even smaller particles (which are most likely also made of smaller bits of matter). Molecules are the largest and most defined (and most complex) "building bricks" in solid and neutral matter. Molecules are made of atoms, which describe the chemical elements on periodic table. Atoms are made of protons and neutrons (which create the core) and of electrons (which exist as probability clouds around the core). It is well known, that the smaller is a bit of matter, the less it is material - subatomic particles do not behave as solid objects, but more like a probability distribution, called in science as wave function. Electron in it's natural state is not a point-mass or any other solid object. Electron exists only as a possibility of it's own existence - superposition of all it's possible states. Measuring a single property of an electron results in a "wave function collapse", which eliminates the entire probability of it's superposition and "turns" the electron into a single property (the one, which is being measured). In shortcut, electrons behave like waves, but a direct measurement is "forcing" them to behave, like solid objects. This property of particles is known as wave/particle duality and is connected with another weirdness of QM, called Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle - which tells, that it's possible to determine only one property of a particle.

    Atoms are generally considered, as the border between the "quantum reality" and the solid matter, as they describe all chemical elements and include all the properties of typical baryonic matter. Parts of an atom can't be considered, as typical matter - you can't "freeze" subatomic particles into solid objects, as they can exist only in the form of plasma. However a well known Young Experiment proved, that even atoms can't be treated as solid objects - as they produce an interference pattern after passing through a double slit. Better - even molecules made of multiple atoms behave as waves and not as particles. This shows us clearly, that the whole "substance" of physical matter is fluent and apparent...

    However, in the difference to subatomic particles and quarks, atoms are clearly defined in 3D space - and we can easily measure their volume, location and velocity simultaneusly. The better described is a particle of matter, the less uncertain are it's properties - and the less wave-like is it's behavior. At some point, when matter becomes complex enough, wave function of a "particle" becomes an actual object. But this is not the subject, which I want to discuss here...

    My question is: is an atom actually a particle at all? The most obvious answer is of course: yes. As I said before, atoms fill a measurable volume of space and their shape and location is well defined. Shortly - atoms have all the properties of physical bodies (objects). Our current technology allows us even to observe the atoms directly, using a very powerful microscopes (piko-scopes?).









    So, there's apparently nothing, what wouldn't allow us to treat atoms as real and physical objects, placed in a measurable and dimensional space. Sadly, my point is to prove you, that this is not exactly true... To make it, I need to add another property of matter in QM - which is known, as thermal energy. Thermal energy isconnected with vibrations and velocity of particles. The higher is the thermal energy, the stronger and more violent are the vibrations (jolts?) of atoms. The stronger are the vibrations, the bigger is the space between particles - as they keep pushing eachother, similar to a crowd during a heavy metal pogo "dance". Thermal energy is also directly connected with the density and state of matter - the lower is the energy, the more solid matter becomes. Atoms with the highest levels of thermal energy create plasma. Next is gas, liquid and finally a solid body. In order to capture the image of atoms, matter has to be cooled down to extremely low temperatures, to maximally reduce the vibrations and uncertainty of particles.

    However there's also a 5'th known state of matter, which is reached, when thermal energy is reduced almost to Absolute Zero. Compared to the rest of states, it's name doesn't sound so cool - scientists call it Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC)... Someone should figure out a better term for it... And here things start to get interesting. It should be quite easy, to conclude, that when particles reach the lowest possible level of thermal energy, they become at last absolutely still and object-like, while matter becomes as solid, as it's possible in it's case... And here we've just reached the point, where logic can't be no longer applied to Quantum Physics....

    Logic tells, that when the temperature drops almost to Absolute Zero, particles should stop vibrating and turn completely into solid bodies - but Universe seems to behave in a totally opposite way. Instead of turning into granite-solid marbles, atoms are going through a process, known as Identity Crisis - which results in a complete absence of any point-like particles in matter. Yes - matter itself becomes maximally solid, however all particles and molecules, which create that matter, turn into a big, single waveform (!!!). There are simply no atoms in BEC - entire matter becomes a "single and unified particle".


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    And what all of this means to our understanding of the Universe? Well, it gives a hard headache to most of scientists. Instead to see the atoms turning into physical and solid matter, we see them disappearing and turning into a single and merged probability distribution. Instead multiple point-like micro-scale objects, we get a single wave function in the macro-scale. What this tells us about the structure and essence of entire matter? Where is somekind of a solid base for a solid body? There is none... There's absolutely nothing solid in an atom - nothing, what could be defined as solid and object-like substance. Atoms exist as particles only because of their vibrations and waves of probability distribution - without vibrations, only the wave remains...

    However it's those probability waves, which create and define entire matter in the macro-scale. Something, what is completely non-materialistic, describes and determines every solid and physical object, which can hurt you, if it will drop on your head. Essence of matter is totally virtual and apparent - but matter is a form of existence, which is without any doubts objective and physically real. So what might be the ACTUAL essence and building brick of physical matter???
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  2. #2  
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    I can give you the answer - but it's up to you, to decide, if you are ready to embrance this idea. Most people are still deeply connected to the illusion of material reality - and will negate this explanation, without even trying to think about it. This solution is just too simple and elegant, so it has to be a kind of a pseudo-scientific heresy - right? So what can be the actual base of everything, what we perceive as "physical reality" with all it's aspects, which we can observe and measure? Are you ready?

    It's the INFORMATION and the constant process of INFORMATION EXCHANGE... Observation is the process of information exchange between a Conciousness and the external environment. It's not mass what defines the solid matter, but a completely abstract idea of INFORMATION. Mass is just another information, which describes matter. Atoms have mass, because the information about their mass is "written" in subatomic particles. In the physical matter, atoms constantly share the information about their properties and define a macro-scale object - this is why in a BEC there's no atoms, as separate bits of matter. Atoms in BEC merge into an uniform packet of information, which describes the macro-scale body... This simple idea, is probably the only way, to actually understand the mechanics of Universe - from micro- to macro-scale... As Above, So Below...
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