1. Since many centuries ago, we know the maths of conversion of energy in to force & the reverse. Since about a century we know the maths of conversion of energy into mass & vice versa. We also have the maths of decay of photons into units of spacetime which are constituents of quantum vacuum. Therefore
force, energy, mass, matter, space, time and vacuum are different phases of the same entity and all are quantized. From Einstein's relativity maths,we can know that - 'contraction of 'space' converts 'space' in to time (time dilation) while contraction of 'time' converts 'time' into space.' This indicates that the same entity is changing phase. Since space is expanding, it means that the total potential (magnitude) of time possessed by the universe is decreasing by changing in to space. When the time contained by the universe get's converted fully in to 'space', further expansion of space would 'no more' be possible. Contraction of time means increased velocity of events with simultaneous dilation of space (increase in quantum vacuum), so the universal physical constants do not change. But increase in space (vacuum energy) requires energy, this comes from decay of mass to radiant energy which further deacays to quantum vacuum. The reverse of this process i.e, the process of accretion of mass involves the contraction of space with simultaneous dilation of time. The space between heavenly bodies or particles (with or without mass) which contracts tending to create mass or more mass is the force of gravity.
Contraction of space tends to cause motion and motion tends to cause contraction of space (Force).

The entity 'mass', which provides the energy (or force fields for quantum vacuum) for conversion of time in to space is therefore also the entity 'time'. In this way we see that energy, mass, force, space and time is infact the same entity. The oneness of mass and time is also apparent when they show the same property of dilation with increase in motion.
Motion is therefore conversion of space into time (mass).
Matter is a structure made up of space and time (mass). Acceleration creates mass from space. Resisting the motion of a particle having mass should make it loose mass (energy).Constant motion gives a constant converted amount of space into time (mass). Acceleration goes on creating mass from space (from quantum vacuum force fields/ vacuum energy). All mass produced by acceleration is positive mass. While mass produced by deceleration is negative mass.
The cosmic singularity has a negative mass/energy/time and a negative space/force which equals the positive mass/energy/time and positive space/ force of the universe. Zero mass particle.

Read more at: How to test the twin paradox without using a spaceship

2. "We also have the maths of decay of photons into units of spacetime which are constituents of quantum vacuum. "

Where did you get this from?

4. @mathman

Dark Era :
After all the black holes have evaporated, the Universe consists of an expanding sea of very long wavelength photons and neutrinos. This is a system of maximum disorder, no coherent structures or objects. No sources of energy, and no sinks as well. The rest of time is simply a continual lower of energy until the state of quantum vacuum is reached.
From: fate of the Universe.

if light is trapped between mirrors that move at velocities close to the speed of light, then they will generate more light than there is in the system. Even if initially there is no light between the mirrors, just vacuum, light shows up because the mirror turns the quantum vacuum into particles.
if light is trapped between mirrors that move at velocities close to the speed of light, then they will generate more light than there is in the system. Even if initially there is no light between the mirrors, just vacuum, light shows up because the mirror turns the quantum vacuum into particles.

Read more at: How to test the twin paradox without using a spaceship

5. Since motion is contraction of space while dilatation of time and mass, it means that the increasing expansion of the universe is reducing (compacting) the universe (i.e reducing in space while increasing in mass and time). This will finally lead us therefore to a cosmic singularity and beyond, to a negative universe.

6. Originally Posted by m.maunas
if light is trapped between mirrors that move at velocities close to the speed of light, then they will generate more light than there is in the system.
If by "more" you mean that the energy contained in the volume defined by the mirrors increases, then you are claiming that, in the frame of the mirrors, energy conservation is violated. You will therefore need to support your assertion with something other than a wave of the hand.

7. Light shows up because the mirror turns the quantum vacuum into particles. This is supposed to happen because vacuum at the quantum level is like a sea of pairs of particles that are constantly emitting and absorbing light. They do this at incredible speeds, but if the mirror moves that fast too some of these particles are reflected by the mirror before disappearing and can be observed. But setting up such a system has proved difficult.In 2011, this difficulty was circumvented in the experiment conducted by Per Delsing at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden. In this case the mirrors were different. They were magnetic fields inside a Superconducting Quantum Interferometric Device (SQUID), but they behaved exactly like mirrors, making light bounce back and forth. Unlike physical mirrors, these magnetic fields could be moved at incredible speeds.
Read more at: How to test the twin paradox without using a spaceship

I think "dark energy" is the energy of the quantum vacuum, which is captured by these mirrors, therefore energy conservation is not violated.

8. The electrons around an atomic nucleus become more fuzzy/wavy rather than becoming more concrete/clear when we try to slow down their motions (and we can not increase their motions further there). So "RESISTANCE" to motion is essential for producing 'waves'. But waves are possible only in a body of flexibly/loosely attractive particles, because, essential properties by which we distinguish a wave from a particle are made possible only in such a body. For example, 'diffraction' occurs when particles move through a hole or slit, and,those particles which are at the periphery,'rub'(encounter 'resistance/natural selection') against the edges of the slit loosing velocity while those in the center of the slit move forward without loosing that much velocity, rolling over the particles coming from the periphery,thus, forming wavelets....resulting in the diffraction pattern on the screen behind the slits.["Resistance or natural selection is the cause of all 'diversity/differentiation' we see in all existence. Vibrations/oscillations are possible when there is resistance to continuous motion in only one direction & the inertia of motion has to reverse it's direction. Waves are produced from the point of their origin due to a vibration or violence which induces oscillations in strings or slices of loosely attracting particles.] The "photon/electron" in Young's double slit experiment is (in fact neither a particle nor a wave before it hits the slit or the nearest detector) converted in to a wave by detector-less slits, which serve as two coherent sources for two separate wave fronts which interfere to produce the interference pattern on the screen behind the slits. When detectors are placed on the slits then the individual photon/electron gets absorbed by the nearest detector & is re-emitted as individual photon/electron inside the slits, in a manner that prevents rubbing of the photon/electron against the edges of the slit, thus no conversion of the photon/electron into a wave takes place, therefore there is no interference & the photon/electron get's on the screen behind the slits, as a particle. Thus observation seems to alter the behavior of the photon/electron. So,'diffraction is necessary to convert a photon/electron into a wave. This also implies that photons and electrons are not truly fundamental particles. They are a bunch of some smaller, loosely attracting particles, which were probably the first which formed after the big bang inflation (responsible for stopping the inflation, caused by the negative mass of the singularity), from which then all the positive mass of the universe was formed. They agglomerated to form the first photons & electrons.... & further. The velocity of light is a universal constant because these wave/particles are formed by the most fundamental particles of the quantum vacuum & travel in the body of the quantum vacuum. The particles generated in the quantum vacuum by quantum fluctuations are composite particles of these truly fundamental particles.

9. Since force has two components, action & reaction, it can be considered to be either negative or positive, and, so, time, mass, energy and space all can be considered to have both positive and negative components, as, they are all inter convertible. Force effects motion, which can lead to contraction/decrease of space by converting it into time or mass or energy (dilation of these on acceleration while shortening of measurements). Big bang singularity was a focal point of negative time, mass, energy (note: not of negative space, as it dilates to produce them) and thus it also contained negative force. The "un particulate", 0 kelvin absolute vacuum which caused the particles of quantum vacuum to come into existence (see previous posts) was the positive force. So, "resistance" is a positive force while "conductance" is a negative force (hence superconductivity on super-cooling like tending towards the infinite speed of big bang inflation). ' All the fundamental forces thus can be understood, as, rather, specific increase-rs or decrease-rs in the magnitude of time or mass or energy or space. Resistance causes differentiation/diversity/ depression while conductance causes inflation/growth. Both are essential for each other like action and reaction. Hence everything will disappear if there is no "resistance" to motion and light speed is not a limiting speed in the "quantum space universe".

10. Since force has two components, action & reaction, it can be considered to be either negative or positive, and, so, time, mass, energy and space all can be considered to have both positive and negative components, as, they are all inter convertible. Force effects motion, which can lead to contraction/decrease of space by converting it into time or mass or energy (dilation of these on acceleration while shortening of measurements). Big bang singularity was a focal point of negative time, negative mass, negative energy and negative space, and thus it also contained negative force. The "un particulate", 0 kelvin absolute vacuum which caused the particles of quantum vacuum to come into existence (see previous posts) was the positive force. So, "resistance" is a positive force while "conductance" is a negative force (hence superconductivity on super-cooling like tending towards the infinite speed of big bang inflation). ' All the fundamental forces thus can be understood, as, rather, specific increase-rs or decrease-rs in the magnitude of time or mass or energy or space. Resistance causes differentiation/diversity/ depression while conductance causes inflation/growth. Both are essential for each other like action and reaction. Hence everything will disappear if there is no "resistance" to motion and light speed is not a limiting speed in the "quantum space universe".

11. If we begin from quantum vacuum, it's expansion/motion/addition of energy or force, should create...? Positive mass particles ? Particles eg. electron/photon, formed by a bunch of vibrating, truly fundamental particles (which make the quantum vacuum) when rub the edges of a slit, loosing velocity (thus increasing their waviness), get converted into waves with secondary wavelets (diffraction). Can secondary wavelets be further diffracted leading to formation of more infra/weaker secondary-secondary wavelets ? If, yes! Then if this process is continued serially for a sufficient number of times (for weaker & weaker secondary wavelets produced with each diffracting slit kept serially) it should finally yield the truly fundamental
particle, which can not be diffracted further. Now, consider a radio wave, the wavelength of which stretches across the diameter of the cosmos, it will be a standing wave, but, the universe is expanding at an accelerating speed and so it's amplitude should decrease & wave length increase (the universe is thought to be oval in shape). Does this mean that the red shift which we observe in the light coming from distant galaxies is due to expansion of the quantum vacuum, alone, rather, than speeding away of galaxies from each other (in general)? Well, if the galaxies are increasing their speed of motion, then, there should be a general increase in the total mass of the universe & if the quantum vacuum is expanding then it should get rarefied, resulting in, perhaps, lesser quantum fluctuations and thus lesser "dark energy" with the evolution of the universe (or, else, dark energy is not due to the particles produced by quantum fluctuations in the quantum vacuum - as suggested by me earlier). But, dark energy, as we know, is increasing with the evolution of the universe, this means that the quantum vacuum is shrinking/reducing/contracting at the expense of a general increase in the mass of the universe. The "red shift" of light from distant galaxies is truly due to their moving away from us while the space (the large amount of quantum space which unfolded when the negative mass of the singularity inflated) is contracting/wrinkling past them & into them. ... to be continued....

12. From the above post we can infer that : Initially there was only "cosmic quantum vacuum background" followed by, as the quantum vacuum shrunk/contracted (due to reversal of inertia of big bang inflation, when there was no negative mass left to unfold further into quantum vacuum) to cosmic very long wavelength radio wave background, &, then to radio wave background followed by the present day cosmic microwave background. It should therefore be expected that, in future, the cosmos will be inundated with, following serially, infrared then the visible light spectrum from red towards violet, then , ultraviolet followed by X-rays & then gamma ray background. Still further shrinking of space will bring about into existence, the cosmic lepton background followed by finally, the "COSMIC HADRON BACKGROUND". By this time all the heavenly bodies would have started merging and disappearing into the "cosmic background/dark energy", and only contracting dark energy (now "DARK MASS") would prevail in the cosmos. The contraction of the cosmos will continue from this dark matter to a critical point, where all positive mass will first become mass-less before the inertia of contraction/"Negative Force" pushes the cosmos beyond this point to a negative mass singularity. This super-dense negative mass singularity, now, consists of negative mass, negative space, negative energy, negative force and, negative time. This cosmic singularity, due to presence of both negative mass & negative force will now undergo "re-inflation", giving birth to the next iteration of the universe. The leftover dark mass in the process of the shrinking of space from the previous iteration of the universe will be assimilated in the next iteration as "DARK MATTER" of the new iteration.
(NB: In this model the concept of absolute vacuum is not required.)

13. Erratum: The universe is considered to be flat in shape. Not oval, as mentioned in line number 6 in post number: 11

14. Contraction of time occurs with dilation of space. But increase in space (vacuum energy) requires energy, this comes from decay of mass to radiant energy which further decays to quantum vacuum, thus the entity 'mass', is also the entity 'time' (The oneness of mass and time is also apparent when they show the same property of dilation with increase in motion). The reverse of this process i.e, the process of accretion of mass involves the contraction of space with simultaneous dilation of time. The space between heavenly bodies or particles which contracts/dilates tending to create/decay mass is "force".Thus, time, force and mass are the same thing. Contraction/dilation of space tends to cause motion and motion tends to cause contraction/dilation of space (Force). In this way we see that energy, mass, force, time, & space are phases of the same entity, while, motion is the cause of changes in the magnitude of these phases. So, in the model of the universe developing in the "CRUX OF COSMOS", it seems to me that, "Time moves both ways". So does "ENTROPY". So does "INFORMATION", and, Quantum information cannot be destroyed.

15. Erratum: In the last line of the previous post - Quantum information cannot be destroyed absolutely.

16. Quantum superposition states that, the state of any object is actually in all possible states simultaneously, as long as we don't look to check or measure it, which then causes the object to get limited to a single possibility.
According to Feynman, in Young's double slit experiment each photon not only goes through both slits, but simultaneously takes every possible trajectory en route to the target, not just in theory, but in fact.
My confusion, then is--"Then how is information creation and transfer possible without intervention of prior intelligence (with capacity to observe/measure), since it is believed that all life and all diversity in cosmos, even the quantum fluctuations which caused the universe to come into existence arose from randomness?
If it is assumed that some particles get entangled through previous interactions, then, once, all particles were entangled which form the quantum vacuum. And once information is created by fixing a quantum state by resistance (observation/measurement), all particles in the universe catch that information by getting un-superimposed. This means that the "dark matter" of the present universe are leftover "entangled particles/ genetic material", from the previous iteration of the universe ( as described in my other post) which guided the evolution of diversity in the present universe.

17. Originally Posted by m.maunas
Quantum superposition states that, the state of any object is actually in all possible states simultaneously, ...
No. That's not what it means. It means exactly what it says, i.e. that it's in a state which is a superposition of the states in the sum.

Originally Posted by m.maunas
According to Feynman, in Young's double slit experiment each photon not only goes through both slits, but simultaneously takes every possible trajectory en route to the target, not just in theory, but in fact.
Where do you claim Feynman say that in his Lectures?

18. See:

Quantum indeterminacy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Quantum indeterminacy is the assertion that the state of a system does not determine a unique collection of values for all its measurable properties. Indeed, according to the Kochen-Specker theorem, in the quantum mechanical formalism it is impossible that, for a given quantum state, each one of these measurable properties (observables) has a determinate (sharp) value
and

What is superposition? - Definition from WhatIs.com

19. The "CRUX OF COSMOS" is, "Nothing exists! not even, 'non-existence'. That is, 'non-existence' also does not exist.

20. "The 'whole', has no environment to cause, maintain & destroy it. It does not posses anything, not even 'time'. Every particle is the whole."

21. what caused the quantum fluctuation?