Hi, I'm new to this forum, and I need some help with this.
I want to determine the polarization of a laser beam, that is, the type of polarization (linear, elliptical), the angle of polarization (if it is linear). Then, I want to represent this mathematically.
I used some linear polarizers to find the polarization of the laser, passing the laser beam through the polarizer to a wall. I found the angle in which the laser light was more intense (bright) on the wall, and then started spinning it slowly, wanting to find the angle in which the intensity after the polarizer was zero (90º from the brightest angle). However, there was no point in which there was no light behind the polarizer. So I thought the polarization had to be elliptical.
I also tried to find Brewster's angle, but there was no angle without reflection, so I confirmed the laser beam is not linearly polarized.

Getting to the point, I have a photometer so I can determine the intensity of the laser beam at certain angles, but how, with that information, can I represent the polarization that I have? Is this method OK, or, what method should I follow so as to get relevant information? Some webpages (such as this one: Elliptical polarization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) say how this is done, but I sometimes don't know what each letter means since it is not always clarified?